Romanian president Traian Basescu.
Romania, which rejects as illegitimate the secession of Kosovo from Serbia, is ready to join Belgrade in its action in International Court of Justice requesting an opinion on the legitimacy of otherwise of the February 2008 unilateral declaration of independence in Pristina.
Romania president Traian Basescu, according to Serbian media reports, told an annual gathering of Serbian diplomats that Bucharest wanted to partner Serbia in the World Court action in The Hague.
"Territorial partitions are unacceptable, regardless of what explanations put forward to support them," said Basescu, head of state of one of the European Union countries that refuses to endorse Kosovo as independent.
Serbia won United Nations General Assembly backing in 2008 to refer Kosovo’s UDI to the World Court for a non-binding opinion.
Belgrade and Kosovo are locked in a battle on the world stage to draw countries into their respective camps.
Serbia’s FoNet agency reported Basescu as saying that Romania would support the unfreezing of the European Union’s Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between Serbia and the EU.
The SAA is on hold mainly because of Dutch and Belgian opposition to any concessions being given to Belgrade unless it meets requirements to hand war criminals over to international justice.
Romania will also increase efforts towards getting Serbia's visa regime with the EU liberalised, Basescu said
Serbia’s most powerful backer internationally is Russia.
On September 4 2009, Belgrade daily Vecernje Novosti said that Russia’s ambassador to the UN Vitali Churkin said that Moscow rejects Kosovo’s UDI because, "when it was made, it was very much possible to arrive at a political solution that could secure the Kosovo Albanians’ rights without resorting to illegally violating Serbia’s territorial integrity."
Asked by journalists why Abkhazia and South Ossetia should be internationally recognised and Kosovo not, Churkin said that "the strongest argument is the fact that at the time when Kosovo’s authorities made the UDI, nobody was threatening them or putting them in a position where they had to secede."
Churkin said that, "on the contrary, Belgrade even went so far as to refrain from exerting any military or economic pressure on Pristina."
Moscow has hit out at Western countries that recognised Kosovo, accusing them of hypocrisy for declining to recognise two breakaway regions from Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
On August 25 2009, Russia’s foreign ministry called for international recognition Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
"The expansion of the process of recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by members of the international community - no matter how far off they are - will undoubtedly assist the long term strengthening of peace and security in the region," Reuters quoted the foreign ministry in Moscow as saying in a statement.
Earlier, speaking on the first anniversary of the August 2008 armed conflict between Russia and Georgia, Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin said that from a moral and ethical point of view, comparison of the Kosovo issue with that of South Ossetia and Georgi was justified.
Putin called on international media not to be the "instrument of any country", and said that there were no distinctions in terms of ethnic conflicts in the respective cases.
On September 4 2009, Serbian agency Tanjug, quoting Russia's Itar-Tass, said that Andrei Nesterenko from the Russian foreign ministry had said that "considerable conflict potential" persisted in Kosovo, and that he expected international community representatives to act impartially to prevent "new anti-Serb provocation."
Nesterenko told a briefing in Moscow that events in Kosovo "show that considerable conflict potential remains" and that the most recent inter-ethnic clashes were a result of the Kosovo Albanians’ desire to compress Serb ethnic territory at all costs.
He added that the clashes highlighted the lack of progress in lifting the " wall of alienation" that divides Serbs and Albanians.
Nesterenko said that "overall, the Kosovo problem remains one of the most serious challenges to security in the region".